Before we begin one question. Where do you go to quench your thirst? The kitchen, the local bar, the mineral rich springs of river Ganges? In the 21st century, you don’t have to go that far for fresh water. But still the supply is running out. What if we didn’t have to worry about water consumption? What if you could consume as much water as you wanted? You might spend a lot of such privileges. But how much such thing would really cost? Let’s discuss what would happen if all the sea water suddenly becomes fresh water.
The first question that comes into our mind is that, why is the ocean so salty to begin with? Well, it wasn’t always like that. In fact, around 3.8 billion years ago, Earth’s surface had finally cooled to the point that water vapour turned to liquid. However, there was no salt in it. Yes, a really long time ago, the oceans were fresh water. Whenever it rains, carbon dioxide from the air dissolves into the falling water. As a result, the rain becomes slightly acidic, and when it falls, it causes rocks to erode. Then, the rainwater slides towards nearby rivers and streams, taking loose salt and minerals along with it. This flows to the ocean ultimately making water salty. Now consider this process has been recurring consistently for over 3.8 billion years.
Above all, there’s so much salt in the ocean that if you spread it evenly across all the land on Earth. It would amount to one towering layer of salt that’s 40 stories tall. The fact is that 97 percent of Earth’s water is saline. What would happen if took the salt from this saline water?
Experts have been predicting that by 2025 the third of world population will be suffering from water shortages. The global demand for fresh water almost doubles every 20 years. But having salty water converted into fresh water would really help us? The answer is no as a sea without salt would decimate marine life. Plus, it would dramatically affect our weather and temperatures. There are around 228,450 species in the ocean. However, there are about 2 million more species to be discovered. If the ocean becomes desalinated, we will never discover them. Salt water fishes and other creatures have been evolving to drink salt water to stay hydrated. This process will also include underwater algae which accounts for half the photosynthesis that occurs on the Earth.
Photosynthesis plays the most important in supplying our planet with oxygen. Plus, plants also inhale carbon-dioxide in this process. This is important to notice since human have been polluting with carbon dioxide. Thus, the temperatures in some parts of the world would become unbearably hot. The areas near the equator will have the worst effect. The polar regions will experience ice age since lack of flowing currents of warm water. We can even starve to death, the disturbance in weather will also disturb the diverse plant life on earth. As a result, the entire food would collapse. Most species would die off, including humans. Thus ocean salinization is important.
- what would happen if there was no salt in oceans.
- what would happen if all the sea water suddenly becomes Fresh Water.
if the ocean was not salty.