The United Nations is an international governing body. It was established on 24 October, 1945. Their main is to promote international cooperation among the countries. Additionally, it is managed by its member states. Presently, this organization focusing on international peace, promoting human rights, security. Along with this they are also working on economic development, protecting the environment, providing aid in famines and natural disasters as well. To know more about this world organization read the interesting facts below.
The foundation of the organization
The Second World War was a catastrophic event. It took lives of millions on both the sides. Furthermore, the war also crippled the economies of various nations. In the wake of the Second World War, UN was created to prevent such huge catastrophe to happen again. During its foundation, the UN only had 51 member states. However, this number is now at 193 nations. Presently, their headquarters is located in Manhattan, New York. Furthermore, they have main offices also in Geneva, Nairobi and Vienna.
The Allied country in UN
In the beginning of the UN. Then president Roosevelt was coining this term “United Nations” towards the Allied countries. This term was used in 1 January 1942, 26 countries joined this Atlantic Charter. This number gradually grew in the coming years after the War.
The Cold War Era
The Cold War was a war without using actual arms. It was war between two different ideologies. However, the UN only tried to maintain peace between US and USSR. But being in the favor of the US, the UN often allowed US to intervene. For example, UN was passing a resolution for the US repel the North Korean invasion of South Korea.
The Post-Cold War Era
After the cold war the UN had to face more duties. UN had more missions than it had ever before. By year 200 their budget increased as well. Above all, their security council resolutions got doubled.
The Structure of the Organization
The UN consists of five major parts. The General assembly, International court of Justice, the security council, the Social and Economic council and the secretariat. There was sixth major part to, the Trusteeship council. But it got suspension in 1994 after the independence of Palau.
The General Assembly
This is the primary component of the UN. In fact, it is composing of the United Nations member nations. This assembly takes places on a yearly basis to resolve various problems. However, there have emergency meetings as well. Above all, their assembly is led by a president who is elected from a member state. Lastly, there are about 21 vice-presidents.
The Membership in the United Nations
There are total 193 United Nation member states. On 2011 South Sudan also joins the Union. This list includes all of the undisputed independent states except Vatican City.
The group of 77
This groups includes the developing nations. Moreover, it has been designing to promote economic growth along with joint negotiating capacity in the UN. There are Seven-nation who founded this organization. However, this group of 77 got expansion to 133 member nations.
The Human Rights
Ensuring Human rights is the primary principal of the UN. For this reason, they have been promoting and encouraging human rights. Furthermore, they also want to abolish any kind of racism over skin color or language. For this reason, the member states also have to take pledge to maintain their resolution.
In the long term the UN have been very successful to ensure peace among various countries. However, people often accuse them for favoring their permanent members first. Their aid during famines and other natural disasters is really remarkable.