You must have seen CIA in some movies or Novels. CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) is the most powerful intelligence agency in the US. They have their headquarters in Langley, Virginia that is 3.3 km away from Washington D.C. They had the crucial in maintain the country’s safety during the cold war era. They’ve also sent some of the finest spies around the world to gather intel. Below are some interesting facts about this intelligence agency.
It’s an Independent agency
It is the one and only independent intelligence agency in USA. However, it gets some commands under Director of National Intelligence. This independent nature allows CIA to conduct some of the most ridiculous experiments ever. In fact, they are not even government of the US government.
Their principal activities
CIA has three major activities to follow. First, they have to gather intel about different individuals, governments, corporations. Second, they have to provide assessment of security intelligence to the senior policy maker of their country. Third, they also have to carry out covert activates along with tactical operations as well. They really got lot of things to do for the nation.
Their huge budget
It is widely said that CIA has got the largest budget among the intelligence agencies around the world. Above all, they also have to focus upon fighting terrorism and stop cybercrimes.
The Formation of the Agency
This intelligence agency was formed during the Second World War. The main function was to establish a security in the United States. Furthermore, there were more duties like analyzing intelligence failure. They also had to study about human rights along with investigation on classified documents as well.
In the recent times their priorities have been updating. Firstly, now they are part of resistance against global terror. Above all, they have been really helpful in eliminating the leader of AL Qaeda (Osama Bin Laden). Secondly, they also work on nonproliferation of nuclear weapons. Lastly, they also provide protection of the American leader from important events.
The structure of the organization
This organization consists of a main executive officer along with various agency wide functions. This also includes four major directories as well. The Directorate of Intelligence and National Clandestine Service are also the part of this organization.
The training program of the agency
Their first training took place in 1950 at the office of training and education. The training program was its peak during the Cold War era. However, after the disintegration of the Soviet Union their training budget have been slashing. Again in 2002 CIA had to establish more training facilities in the wake of Global Terror.
History of the Organization
The CIA was established in 1947 with the help of National Security Act. Former President Harry S. Truman had to sign it into the law. This organization came after the wake of Second World War. This allowed the country to function discreetly without military action.
Their fight against global terrorism
Presently, war against terrorism is the main duty of CIA. It is very important to secure their nation from any external threats from terrorism. This duty mainly after the deadly terror attack on the World Trade Center on 11 September, 2001. Accordingly, after the incident the CIA has been busy in gathering intel of terrorist organizations around the world. Above all, on 2011 they successfully executed Osama Bin Laden.
The Controversy over the organization
Their free nature from any governing body is the primary reason behind all of the controversies. They have done some illegal activates as well during their operation. For example, they have been accused of using chemicals to disable people. They also conducted various experiments on people without their consent.